Speech therapy works by addressing the following problems –
Articulation – Difficulty forming sounds in syllables or speaking incorrectly to the extent that the listener is unable to understand the words spoken
Fluency – Problems (like stuttering) in which the flow of speech gets interrupted by partial-word repetitions, abnormal stoppages, or prolonged syllables and sounds
Voice or Resonance – Problems with the volume, quality, and pitch of voice that distract listeners from what is being said
Oral Feeding Disorders – Difficulty swallowing, drooling, and eating
Receptive Language Disorder – Difficulty receiving or understanding the language
Expressive Language Disorder – Trouble putting words together, inability to use language in a socially appropriate way, or limited vocabulary
Cognitive-communication Disorders – Trouble with communication skills, including attention, memory, perception, regulation, organization, and problem solving
Speech therapy and ABA therapy together are important to ensure the success of the treatment for the child. From improved social skills to better intellectual abilities – both the therapies can help individuals adjust to normal life. Through the ‘twin approach’, children are able to develop emotional and social skills as their peers.
Children with certain psychological and speech disorders, who receive therapy, are more likely to remain in school. They have shown drastic improvement in academics and communication. Individuals have also shown remarkable improvement in areas, like imitation, non-verbal expression, matching, receptive language, and expressive language. Children have shown great performance on IQ tests after the therapy.
To achieve the desired outcome, parents and the therapist should work together to support the child.