Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)

What is ABA Therapy?

ABA or Applied Behavioural Analysis is a widely accepted therapy for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. The therapy focuses on enhancing specific behaviours, like communication and social skills, academics and reading, and adaptive learning skills, like hygiene, grooming, fine motor dexterity, domestic capabilities, and punctuality. ABA is effective for adults and children with psychological disorders in different settings, including homes, schools, and the workplace.

ABA therapy, through its multiple sessions of various programs, aims to equip the troubled individual, who is lagging behind his/her peers in learning with specialized instructions – thereby helping the child to acquire the necessary skills to live a successful life. Over time, the goal of the therapy is to reduce gradually or eliminate the need for instructions and support. In simpler words, the therapist aims to make the child aware of the foundation skills that are needed to respond appropriately and accurately throughout his/her life.

How does ABA work?

ABA therapy involves a variety of techniques to understand and change specific behaviours. It is based on teaching certain skills through positive reinforcement and observation.

Positive Reinforcement

A behaviour followed by something that is valued – for example, a reward – is likely to be repeated. This, over time, encourages positive behaviour change. The therapist will first identify goal behaviour. Every time the child successfully uses the skill or behaviour, he/she gets a meaningful reward – for example, a book or a toy, praise, the permission to watch a program on the TV etc.

Consequence, Behaviour, Antecedent

Understanding the consequences and antecedents is another essential part of the ABA program. The three steps, ‘A-B-C’s help us understand and teach behaviour. An antecedent is what happens right before the target behaviour. It may either be verbal – a request or a command – or physical – an object or a toy, sound or light etc. An antecedent can come from the environment or from another person, or be internal – as a thought or feeling. A resulting behaviour refers to the individual’s response or lack of it to the antecedent. It may be a verbal response or an action. A consequence is what comes following the behaviour. It may include positive reinforcement of the expected behaviour or no reaction for inappropriate/incorrect responses. With repeated practice, the child will be able to replace the inappropriate behaviour with a more helpful one.

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We help kids go from quiet to confident.

We provide one on one sessions and group sessions, the programme is facilitated by trained therapists who presents each session by using the specific techniques at age appropriate level.

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